America’s Top Colleges 2018

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    Pratibha bissht

    1. Harvard University – It was established in 1636. Harvard is the oldest higher education institution in the United States. It is Located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, three miles north – west of Boston, Harvard’s 209 – acre campus houses 10 degree granting schools in addition to the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, two theaters, and five museums. It is also home to the largest academic library system in the world with 18 million volumes, 180,000 serial titles, an estimated 400 million manuscript items and 10 million photographs. In the 20th century admissions policy was opened up to bring in a more diverse pool of applicants. Now a total of 21000 students attend the. Only the academic elite can claim a place at Harvard, and the nominal cost of attendance is high – though the university’s hefty endowment is such that it can offer generous financial aid packages, which around 60 per cent of students take advantage of. Harvard’s alumni include eight US presidents, several foreign heads of state, 62 living billionaires, 359 Rhodes Scholars, and 242 Marshall Scholars. The university is regularly ranked number one in the world and the consistency of its chart – topping performances shows that success is yet to breed complacency.
    2. Yale University – Yale University aim is to nurture a spirit of inquiry in its undergraduates. Not unlike other US institutions, undergraduate study is characterized initially by diversity of subject matter and approach and in the later years by concentration in one of the major programs or departments. Yale University offers more than 70 possible majors which students declare at the beginning of their sophomore year and range from the sciences to arts subjects, from physics or applied mathematics to classics, art, or African – American studies.   Undergraduate admission to Yale University, like to all of the best universities, is not easy. Of the university’s current undergraduates half are women and nearly 40 percent are ethnic minority US citizens. A further 10.5 percent are international students. Yale operates a residential college system which is organizationally modeled on the collegiate system at Oxford and Cambridge in the UK. International students follow the same procedure and have the same application requirements as other students. Students whose first language is not English however must take a standardized English test such as the TOEFL, IELTS, or PTE.
    3. Stanford University– Stanford University was founded in 1885 by California senator Leland Stanford and his wife, Jane, to “promote the public welfare by exercising an influence in behalf of humanity and civilization”. Stanford University Located 35 miles south of San Francisco and 20 miles north of San Jose. Stanford University is in the heart of Northern California’s dynamic Silicon Valley. Stanford University is known as a “billionaire factory”. Stanford has one of the largest university campuses in the US with 18 inter disciplinary research institutes and seven schools.  Fast forward more than a century and Stanford counts 19 Nobel laureates within its community and is regularly ranked among the top three universities in the world. Nearly all undergraduate and 60 per cent of graduate students live on campus.
    4. Massachusetts Institute of Technology – Massachusetts Institute of Technology was founded in 1861. “Mind and Hand” is the thought – provoking motto of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Massachusetts Institute of Technology is known also as MIT. MIT was initially a small community of problem – solvers and science lovers eager to bring their knowledge to bear on the world. MIT is now an independent, co educational, privately endowed university organized into five schools. Yet the principle of educational innovation remains at the core of MIT’s educational philosophy.  There are 12 museums and galleries on campus with the MIT Museum drawing nearly 125,000 visitors each year. MIT is set in 168 acres of grounds.
    5. Princeton University Princeton was founded in 1746 and moved to its current site in New Jersey in 1896. Princeton is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in the United States. Princeton is renowned for the spectacular greenery of its campus and for the architectural splendor of some of its landmark buildings, such as its Lewis Library. Its student body is relatively small, with fewer than 10,000 enrolled in total, and international students make up 12 per cent of undergraduates. Princeton is one of the world’s foremost research universities and has educated two US presidents, James Madison and Woodrow Wilson. Other distinguished graduates include Michelle Obama, actors Jimmy Stewart and David Duchovny, Google chairman Eric Schmidt and Apollo astronaut Pete Conrad. Princeton was founded by New Light Presbyterians to provide training to its ministers. Around the turn of the 20th century it officially became a university and its famous graduate school opened. Today’s Princeton provides undergraduate and graduate education in the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and engineering as well as offering a number of professional degrees.  Princeton’s main campus is spread across 500 acres and it has around 180 buildings including 10 libraries.
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