Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders in Children (Pediatric Otolaryngology)


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  • By: Mwaura Mwangi

    Otolaryngology: A medical and surgical specialty concerned with the diagnosis, management, and treatment of diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck, including the sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity, and upper pharynx (mouth and throat). Subspecialty areas within otolaryngology include pediatric otolaryngology (children), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), and rhinology (nose). Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one or more of these seven areas. Otolaryngology is commonly called ENT

    Pediatric otolaryngologists are medical doctors who have had

    • At least 4 years of medical school
    • One year of surgical internship
    • Often 1 additional year of residency training in general surgery
    • At least 3 to 4 additional years of residency training in otolaryngology and head and neck surgery
    • Pediatric otolaryngologists often complete additional training in fellowship programs at a large children’s medical center

    Pediatric otolaryngologists treat children from the newborn period through the teenage years. They choose to make pediatric care the core of their medical practice, and the unique nature of medical and surgical care of children is learned from advanced training and experience in practice.

    Image result for Treatment of ENT problems

    Ear, nose, and throat disorders, particularly infections, are extremely common among children.

    • Ear infections occur almost as often as the common cold. They can develop behind the eardrum (in the middle ear), called otitis media, or in front of the eardrum (in the outer ear canal), called otitis externa or external otitis.
    • Throat infections are usually not serious, but they make children uncomfortable and can lead to missed school days and multiple visits to a doctor.

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    Common ENT Problems

    • Adenoiditis and Adenoid Hypertrophy
    • Breathing Difficulties
    • Cholesteatoma and other Chronic Ear Problems
    • Cleft Lip / Palate
    • Congenital Abnormalities of the Ear
    • Epistaxis (nose bleeds)
    • Facial Nerve Injuries/Paralysis
    • Hearing Loss
    • Hoarseness
    • Hypernasal Speech
    • Laryngopharyngeal Reflux
    • Lump or Mass in the Neck
    • Nasal Deformities
    • Nasal Obstruction
    • Otitis Media (Ear Infections)
    • Parathyroid Diseases
    • Sinusitis (Sinus Infections)
    • Sleep Disordered Breathing
    • Thyroid Diseases
    • Tongue Tie
    • Tonsillitis
    • Traumatic Injuries to the Head and Neck
    • Vocal Cord Paralysis

    Cancer associated with ENT

    Early detection is critical to preventing fatal outcomes. Cancers of the head and neck such as laryngeal cancer can be particularly aggressive. Signs of cancer of the head and neck include changes in the skin, pain, prolonged hoarseness, and sudden loss of voice. If you suffer from any of these symptoms you should see an ENT or head and neck physician immediately.

    • Common Problems that Can Affect your Voice
    • Head and Neck Cancer
    • Laryngeal (Voice Box) Cancer
    • Pediatric Head and Neck Tumors
    • Pediatric Thyroid Cancer
    • Rhabdomyosarcoma
    • Second Hand Smoke and Children
    • Secondhand Smoke
    • Skin Cancer
    • Smokeless Tobacco
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