Ghana was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to launch a cellular mobile network in 1992. It was also one of the first countries in Africa to be connected to the internet and to introduce ADSL broadband services.
Ghana Telecom (GT) was privatised in 1996. On 3 July 2008, the company was sold to Vodafone for $900 million. After the transaction closed, Vodafone had a 70% stake in the company, while the Ghanaian government retained a 30% stake.
On 16 April 2009, the company was rebranded as Vodafone Ghana.
Since then, the mobile market in Ghana has grown rapidly, with six competing operators, including MTN, Vodafone, Millicom (Tigo) and Zain (Airtel). Mobile penetration in Ghana is currently above 100%, way above the African average. But this does not mean every Ghanaian owns a mobile phone – it is due to the practice of ‘multi-simming’ whereby people own more than one SIM card.
In January 2013 Ghana was ranked as the country with the highest mobile broadband penetration in Africa, according to an International Telecommunications Union (ITU) report. According to the Measuring Information Society Report released in the last quarter of 2012, mobile broadband penetration surged from 7% in 2010 to 23% in 2011.
|Technology Indicators for Ghana||1995||1998||2001-2|
|Computers per 100 people||0.12||0.30||–|
|Public telephone booths||30||1,814||–|
|Satellite dish subscribers||0||15,000||–|
|Internet host sites||6||253||–|
|Radios per 100 people||23.1||68.2||–|
|TVs per 100 people||4.04||35.2||–|