Shanghai ~ China

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  • Shanghai
    Shanghai Municipality
    Clockwise from top: A view of the Pudong skyline, Yu Garden, China Pavilion along with the Expo Axis, neon signs on Nanjing Road, and The Bund

    Clockwise from top: A view of the Pudongskyline, Yu Garden, China Pavilion along with the Expo Axis, neon signs on Nanjing Road, and The Bund
    Official seal of Shanghai
    Etymology: 上海浦 (Shànghăi Pǔ)
    “The original name of the Huangpu River.”
    Location of Shanghai Municipality in China
    Location of Shanghai Municipality in China
    Coordinates: 31°13′43″N 121°28′29″ECoordinates: 31°13′43″N 121°28′29″E
    Country People’s Republic of China
    Settled 5th–7th century
    – Town
     – County 1292
     – Municipality 7 July 1927
    15 districts, 1 county
    210 towns and subdistricts
     • Type Municipality
     • Party Secretary Han Zheng
     • Mayor Yang Xiong
     • Congress Chairman Yin Yicui
     • Conference Chairman Wu Zhiming
     • Municipality 6,340.5 km2(2,448.1 sq mi)
     • Water 697 km2 (269 sq mi)
    Elevation[4] 4 m (13 ft)
    Population (2015)[5]
     • Municipality 24,152,700
     • Rank 1st in China
     • Density 3,800/km2 (9,900/sq mi)
     • Metro (2010)[6] 34,000,000
    Demonym(s) Shanghainese
    Time zone China standard time(UTC+8)
    Postal code 200000–202100
    Area code(s) 21
    GDP[7] 2015
     – Total CNY2.4965 trillion
    US$400.83 billion (12th)
     – Per capita CNY103,100
    US$16,553 (3rd)
     – Growth Increase 6.9%
    HDI (2010) 0.814[8] (2nd) – very high
    Licence plateprefixes 沪A, B, D, E, F, G, H, J, K
    沪C (outer suburbs)
    City flower Yulan magnolia
    Languages and dialects Shanghainese,
    Mandarin Chinese

    Shanghai is the most populous city in the People’s Republic of China  as well as the most populous city properin the world. It is the second most populous of the four direct-controlled municipalities in China, with a population of more than 24 million as of 2014. It is a global financial center, and a transport hub with the world’s busiest container port. Located in the Yangtze River Delta in East China, Shanghai sits on the south edge of the mouth of the Yangtze in the middle portion of the Chinese coast. The municipality borders the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the north, south and west, and is bounded to the east by the East China Sea.

    For centuries a major administrative, shipping, and trading town, Shanghai grew in importance in the 19th century due to European recognition of its favorable port location and economic potential. The city was one of five forced open to foreign trade following the British victory over China in the First Opium War while the subsequent 1842Treaty of Nanking and 1844 Treaty of Whampoa allowed the establishment of the Shanghai International Settlementand the French Concession. The city then flourished as a center of commerce between east and west, and became the undisputed financial hub of the Asia Pacific in the 1930s. However, with the Communist Party takeover of the mainland in 1949, trade was reoriented to focus on socialist countries, and the city’s global influence declined. In the 1990s, the economic reforms introduced by Deng Xiaoping resulted in an intense re-development of the city, aiding the return of finance and foreign investment to the city.

    Shanghai is a popular tourist destination renowned for its historical landmarks such as The Bund, City God Templeand Yu Garden as well as the extensive Lujiazui skyline, many skyscrapers, and major museums including theShanghai Museum and the China Art Museum. It has been described as the “showpiece” of the booming economy of mainland China

    Etymology and names

    The two Chinese characters in the city’s name are 上 (shàng, “above”) and 海 (hǎi, “sea”), together meaning “Upon-the-Sea”. The earliest occurrence of this name dates from the 11th-century Song dynasty, at which time there was already a river confluence and a town with this name in the area. There are disputes as to exactly how the name should be understood, but Chinese historians have concluded that during the Tang dynasty Shanghai was literally on the sea.

    Shanghai is officially abbreviated 沪 () in Chinese, a contraction of 沪渎 (Hù Dú, lit “Harpoon Ditch”), a 4th- or 5th-century Jin name for the mouth of Suzhou Creek when it was the main conduit into the ocean. This character appears on all motor vehicle license plates issued in the municipality today.

    Another alternative name for Shanghai is Shēn (申) or Shēnchéng (申城, “Shen City”), from Lord Chunshen, a third-century BC nobleman and prime minister of the state of Chu, whose fief included modern Shanghai. Sports teams and newspapers in Shanghai often use Shen in their names, such as Shanghai Shenhua F.C. and Shen Bao.

    Huating (华亭) was another early name for Shanghai. In AD 751, during the mid-Tang dynasty, Huating County was established at modern-day Songjiang, the first county-level administration within modern-day Shanghai. Today, Huating appears as the name of a four-star hotel in the city.

    The city also has various nicknames in English, including “Pearl of the Orient” and “Paris of the East”.


     The walled Old City of Shanghai in the 17th century

     Shanghai in the 1930s, with the Shanghai International Settlement and Shanghai French Concession

    Ancient history

    During the Spring and Autumn period, the Shanghai area belonged to the Kingdom of Wu, which was conquered by the Kingdom of Yue, which in turn was conquered by the Kingdom of Chu. During the Warring States period, Shanghai was part of the fief of Lord Chunshen of Chu, one of the Four Lords of the Warring States. He ordered the excavation of the Huangpu River. Its former or poetic name, the Chunshen River, gave Shanghai its nickname of “Shen”. Fishermen living in the Shanghai area created a fishing tool called the hu, which lent its name to the outlet of Suzhou Creek north of the Old City and became a common nickname and abbreviation for the city.

    Imperial history

    Square Pagoda at Xingshengjiao Temple built during the Song Dynasty
     During the Song dynasty (960–1279) Shanghai was upgraded in status from a village to a market town in 1074, and in 1172 a second sea wall was built to stabilize the ocean coastline, supplementing an earlier dike. From the Yuan dynasty in 1292 until Shanghai officially became a municipality in 1927, central Shanghai was administered as a county under Songjiang Prefecture, whose seat was at the present-day Songjiang District.

    Two important events helped promote Shanghai’s development in the Ming dynasty. A city wall was built for the first time in 1554 to protect the town from raids by Japanese pirates. It measured 10 metres (33 feet) high and 5 kilometres (3 miles) in circumference During the Wanli reign (1573–1620), Shanghai received an important psychological boost from the erection of a City God Temple in 1602. This honour was usually reserved for places with the status of a city, such as a prefectural capital not normally given to a mere county town, as Shanghai was. It probably reflected the town’s economic importance, as opposed to its low political status

    During the Qing dynasty, Shanghai became one of the most important sea ports in theYangtze Delta region as a result of two important central government policy changes: In 1684, the Kangxi Emperor reversed the Ming dynasty prohibition on oceangoing vessels – a ban that had been in force since 1525; and in 1732 the Yongzheng Emperor moved the customs office for Jiangsu province (江海关; see Customs House, Shanghai) from the prefectural capital of Songjiang to Shanghai, and gave Shanghai exclusive control over customs collections for Jiangsu’s foreign trade. As a result of these two critical decisions, by 1735 Shanghai had become the major trade port for all of the lower Yangtze region, despite still being at the lowest administrative level in the political hierarchy

    Modern history

    During the 1950s and 1960s, Shanghai became an industrial center and center for radical leftism; the leftist Jiang Qing and her three cohorts, together the Gang of Four, were based in the city. Yet, even during the most tumultuous times of the Cultural Revolution, Shanghai was able to maintain high economic productivity and relative social stability. During most of the history of the PRC, Shanghai has been a comparatively heavy contributor of tax revenue to the central government, with Shanghai in 1983 contributing more in tax revenue to the central government than Shanghai had received in investment in the prior 33 years combined. This came at the cost of severely crippling Shanghai’s infrastructural and capital development. Its importance to the fiscal well-being of the central government also denied it economic liberalizations begun in 1978. Shanghai was finally permitted to initiate economic reforms in 1991, starting the massive development still seen today and the birth of Lujiazui in Pudong.


    Panoramic view of Puxi’s historical buildings from the Bund

    Panoramic view of Pudong’s skyline from the Bund
    Administrative divisions of Shanghai
    Division code[65] English name Simp. Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[66] Population 2010[67] Seat Postal code Divisions[68]
    Subdistricts Towns Townships Residential communities Villages
    310000 Shanghai Municipality 上海市 Shànghǎi Shì 6340.50 23,019,196 Huangpu District 200000 100 107 2 4024 1610
    310101 Huangpu District 黄浦区 Huángpǔ Qū 20.46 678,670 Waitan Subdistrict 200000 10 189
    310104 Xuhui District 徐汇区 Xúhuì Qū 54.76 1,085,130 Xujiahui Subdistrict 200000 12 1 306
    310105 Changning District 长宁区 Chángníng Qū 38.30 690,571 Jiangsu Road Subdistrict 200000 9 1 184
    310106 Jing’an District 静安区 Jìng’ān Qū 37.37 1,077,284 Jiangning Road Subdistrict 200000 13 1 283 1
    310107 Putuo District 普陀区 Pǔtuó Qū 54.83 1,288,881 Zhenru Town Subdistrict 200000 8 2 245 7
    310109 Hongkou District 虹口区 Hóngkǒu Qū 23.48 852,476 Jiaxing Road Subdistrict 200000 8 226
    310110 Yangpu District 杨浦区 Yángpǔ Qū 60.73 1,313,222 Pingliang Road Subdistrict 200000 11 1 307
    310112 Minhang District 闵行区 Mǐnháng Qū 371.68 2,429,372 Xinzhuang Town 201100 3 9 408 136
    310113 Baoshan District 宝山区 Bǎoshān Qū 270.99 1,904,886 Youyi Road Subdistrict 201900 3 9 350 108
    310114 Jiading District 嘉定区 Jiādìng Qū 458.80 1,471,231 Xincheng Road Subdistrict 201800 3 7 153 146
    310115 Pudong New Area 浦东新区 Pǔdōng Xīn Qū 1210.41 5,044,430 Huamu Subdistrict 201200 & 201300 12 24 829 371
    310116 Jinshan District 金山区 Jīnshān Qū 586.05 732,438 Shanyang Town 201500 1 9 88 124
    310117 Songjiang District 松江区 Sōngjiāng Qū 604.71 1,582,398 Fangsong Subdistrict 201600 4 11 185 86
    310118 Qingpu District 青浦区 Qīngpǔ Qū 675.54 1,081,022 Xiayang Subdistrict 201700 3 8 97 184
    310120 Fengxian District 奉贤区 Fèngxián Qū 687.39 1,083,463 Nanqiao Town 201400 8 107 177
    310230 Chongming County 崇明县 Chóngmíng Xiàn 1185.49 703,722 Chengqiao Town 202100 16 2 67 270


    Shanghai is the commercial and financial center of mainland China, and ranks 16th in the 2016 edition of the Global Financial Centres Indexpublished by the Z/Yen Group and Qatar Financial Centre Authority. It was the largest and most prosperous city in East Asia during the 1930s, and rapid re-development began in the 1990s. This is exemplified by the Pudong District, a former swampland reclaimed to serve as a pilot area for integrated economic reforms. By the end of 2009, there were 787 financial institutions, of which 170 were foreign-invested. In 2009, the Shanghai Stock Exchange ranked third among worldwide stock exchanges in terms of trading volume and sixth in terms of the total capitalization of listed companies, and the trading volume of six key commodities including rubber, copper and zinc on the Shanghai Futures Exchange all ranked first in the world. In September 2013, with the backing of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang the city launched the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free-Trade Zone-the first free-trade zone in mainland China. The Zone introduced a number of pilot reforms designed to create a preferential environment for foreign investment. In April 2014, The Banker reported that Shanghai “has attracted the highest volumes of financial sector foreign direct investment in the Asia-Pacific region in the 12 months to the end of January 2014”. In August 2014, Shanghai was namedFDi magazine’s Chinese Province of the Future 2014/15 due to “particularly impressive performances in the Business Friendliness and Connectivity categories, as well as placing second in the Economic Potential and Human Capital and Lifestyle categories”.

    In the last two decades Shanghai has been one of the fastest developing cities in the world. Since 1992 Shanghai has recorded double-digit growth almost every year except during the global recession of 2008 and 2009. In 2011, Shanghai’s total GDP grew to 1.92 trillion yuan (US$297 billion) with GDP per capita of 82,560 yuan (US $12,784). The three largest service industries are financial services, retail, and real estate. The manufacturing and agricultural sectors accounted for 39.9 percent and 0.7 percent of the total output respectively. Average annual disposable income of Shanghai residents, based on the first three quarters of 2009, was 21,871 RMB.

    Located at the heart of the Yangtze River Delta, Shanghai has the world’s busiest container port, which handled 29.05 million TEUs in 2010. Shanghai aims to be an international shipping center in the near future.

    Shanghai is one of the main industrial centers of China, playing a key role in China’s heavy industries. A large number of industrial zones, including Shanghai Hongqiao Economic and Technological Development Zone, Jinqiao Export Economic Processing Zone, Minhang Economic and Technological Development Zone, and Shanghai Caohejing High-Tech Development Zone, are backbones of Shanghai’s secondary industry. Heavy industries accounted for 78% of the gross industrial output in 2009. China’s largest steelmaker Baosteel Group, China’s largest shipbuilding base – Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding Group, and the Jiangnan Shipyard, one of China’s oldest shipbuilders are all located in Shanghai. Auto manufacture is another important industry. The Shanghai-based SAIC Motor is one of the three largest automotive corporations in China, and has strategic partnerships with Volkswagen and General Motors.

    The conference and meeting sector is also growing. In 2012, the city hosted 780 international gatherings, up from 754 in 2011. The high supply of hotel rooms has kept room rates lower than expected, with the average room rate for four- and five-star hotels in 2012 at just RMB950 (US$153).

    As of September 2013, Shanghai is also home to the largest free-trade zone in mainland China, the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free-Trade Zone. The zone covers an area of 29 km2 and integrates four existing bonded zones — Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Logistics Park, Yangshan Free Trade Port Area and Pudong Airport Comprehensive Free Trade Zone. Several preferential policies have been implemented to attract foreign investment in various industries to the FTZ. Because the Zone is not technically considered PRC territory for tax purposes, commodities entering the zone are not subject to duty and customs clearance as would otherwise be the case.


    The 2010 census put Shanghai’s total population at 23,019,148, a growth of 37.53% from 16,737,734 in 2000. 20.6 million of the total population, or 89.3%, are urban, and 2.5 million (10.7%) are rural. Based on the population of its total administrative area, Shanghai is the second largest of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China, behind Chongqing, but is generally considered the largest Chinese city because Chongqing’s urban population is much smaller

    Shanghai also has 150,000 officially registered foreigners, including 31,500 Japanese, 21,000 Americans and 20,700 Koreans. Of course, this is based on official figures, so the real number of foreign citizens in the city is probably much higher.


    Renovated shikumen lanes inXintiandi, now a high-end restaurant and shopping center
    Paramount, a historical dancehall.Art Deco structure, built 1931–1932.
    Shanghai Exhibition Centre, an example of Soviet neoclassical architecture in Shanghai
    Site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China, a typical shikumen building in the formerFrench Concession.

    Shanghai has a rich collection of buildings and structures of various architectural styles. The Bund, located by the bank of the Huangpu River, contains a rich collection of early 20th-century architecture, ranging in style from neoclassical HSBC Building to the art deco Sassoon House. A number of areas in the former foreign concessions are also well-preserved, the most notable ones being the French Concession. Shanghai has one of the world’s largest number of Art Deco buildings as a result of the construction boom during the 1920s and 1930s. One of the most famous architects working in Shanghai was László Hudec, a Hungarian-Slovak architect who lived in the city between 1918–1947. Some of his most notable Art Deco buildings include the Park Hotel and the Grand Theater. Other prominent architects who contributed to the Art Deco style are Parker & Palmer, who designed the Peace Hotel, Metropole Hotel, and the Broadway Mansions, and Austrian architect GH Gonda who designed the Capital Theatre. The Bund’s first revitalization started in 1986 with a new promenade by the Dutch Architect Paulus Snoeren, the completion was in the mid-1990s.

    Shanghai World Financial Center (left) and Jin Mao Tower (right)

    In recent years, a large number of architecturally distinctive and even eccentric buildings have sprung up throughout Shanghai. Notable examples of contemporary architecture include the Shanghai Museum, Shanghai Grand Theatre in the People’s Square precinct and Shanghai Oriental Art Center. Despite rampant redevelopment, the old city still retains some buildings of a traditional style, such as the Yuyuan Garden, an elaborate traditional garden in the Jiangnan style.

    One uniquely Shanghainese cultural element is the shikumen (石库门) residences, which are two- or three-story townhouses, with the front yard protected by a high brick wall. Each residence is connected and arranged in straight alleys, known as a longtang (弄堂), pronounced longdang in Shanghainese. The entrance to each alley is usually surmounted by a stylistic stone arch. The whole resembles terrace houses or townhouses commonly seen in Anglo-American countries, but distinguished by the tall, heavy brick wall in front of each house. The name “shikumen” means “stone storage door”, referring to the strong gateway to each house.

    The shikumen is a cultural blend of elements found in Western architecture with traditional Lower Yangtze (Jiangnan) Chinese architecture and social behavior. All traditional Chinese dwellings had a courtyard, and the shikumen was no exception. Yet, to compromise with its urban nature, it was much smaller and provided an “interior haven” to the commotions in the streets, allowing for raindrops to fall and vegetation to grow freely within a residence. The courtyard also allowed sunlight and adequate ventilation into the rooms.

    Less than Beijing, the city also has some examples of Soviet neoclassical architecture or Stalinist architecture. These buildings were mostly erected during the period from the founding of the People’s Republic in 1949 until the Sino-Soviet Split in the late 1960s. During this decade, large numbers of Soviet experts, including architects, poured into China to aid the country in the construction of a communist state. Examples of Soviet neoclassical architecture in Shanghai include what is today the Shanghai Exhibition Centre.

    The Pudong district of Shanghai is home to a number of skyscrapers, many of which rank among the tallest in the world. The most prominent examples include the Jin Mao Tower and the taller Shanghai World Financial Center, which at 492 metres (1,614 ft) tall is the tallest skyscraper in mainland China and ranks third in the world. The distinctive Oriental Pearl Tower, at 468 metres (1,535 ft), is located nearby, and its lower sphere is now available for residential occupation. Another high rise in the Pudong area is the newly finished Development Tower, standing at 269 metres (883 ft). The Shanghai Tower, completed in 2015, is the tallest building in China, as well as the second tallest in the world. With a height of 632 metres (2,073 ft), the building has 128 floors and a total floor area of 380,000 square metres (4,100,000 sq ft) above ground.

    Foreign Enterprises with Business Activity in Shanghai

    I. Establishment

    (1) Application Form signed by the person in charge
    (2) Application signed by chairman of the board of directors or general manager of the company abroad
    (3) Certificate by the committee
    (4) Contract of the business
    (5) Copies lf the legitimate certificate for operation issued by the relevant government authorities of its host country
    (6) Original copy of the capital credit certificate issued by the bank,with which the enterprise maintains business contacts;
    (7) Appointment letter of the person in charge signed by chairman of the board of directors or general manager of the enterprise abroad ,and his resume and a copy of his ID card
    (8) Contract of house leasing (lease for more than one year ),and real estate certificate
    (9) Other pertinent documents

    II. Alteration

    1.alteration of name

    (1) Application Form signed by the person in charge
    (2) Alteration registration certificate of the enterprise abroad
    (3) Business license
    (4) Other pertinent documents

    2.alteration of domicile

    (1)Application Form signed by the person in charge
    (2)Contract of house leasing (lease for more than one year ),and real estate certificate
    (3) Business license
    (4) Other pertinent documents

    3.alteration of person in charge

    (1) Application Form signed by the person in charge
    (2) Appointment letter of the person in charge by the board of directors or general manager of the enterprise abroad ,and his resume and ID card (copy)
    (3) Business license
    (4) Other pertinent documents

    4.alteration of business scope

    (1) Application Form signed by the person in charge
    (2) Approval Certificate
    (3) Contract of the business
    (4) Business license
    (5) Other pertinent documents

    5.term extension

    (1) Application Form signed by the person in charge
    (2) Approval Certificate
    (3) Contract of business
    (4) Business license
    (5) Other pertinent document

    II. Cancellation

    (1) Application Form of cancellation registration signed by the person in charge
    (2) A written application for cancellation registration signed by chairman of the board of directors or general manager of the enterprise abroad
    (3) Business license and seal
    (4) Cancellation certificate of taxes and Customs record
    (5) Certificate of the construction project that is completed given by the proprietor
    (6) Other pertinent documents


    Shanghai Business School

    This school specializes in business studies and has around 11,000 students and 500 faculty members. Its library has a collection of more than one million books.

    Shanghai Theatre Academy

    The academy was established in 1945 as an art institute for the cultivation of professionals in theater arts, traditional opera, film, television and dance and has around 3,000 students and a faculty of 480.

    Shanghai Dianji University

    Shanghai Dianji’s major disciplines are Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering, with the emphasis on practice and skills.

    Donghua University

    Its leading disciplines are Textiles, Fashion, Materials, and Trade.

    East China Normal University

    Founded in 1951, the university has grown into one of China’s most prestigious universities, with a range of disciplines covering education, the social sciences, the humanities, natural sciences, technology, and administration.

    East China University of Politics and Law

    Founded in 1952, The East China University of Politics and Law is the largest and one of the most prestigious law schools in China.

    East China University of Science and Technology

    This was China’s first higher-learning institution for chemical engineering and has developed into a key national research university through the coordinated development of many disciplines.

    Fudan University

    Founded in 1905, Fudan is one of China’s oldest, most selective universities and a member of the C9 League , Universitas 21 and Association of Pacific Rim Universities.

    Graduate School of Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences

    Founded in 1958, this academy has 760 faculty members, 50 percent of whom have doctor’s degrees.

    Sanda University

    Shanghai Sanda is a private university founded by Shanghai Jiaotong University, Peking University, and Tsinghua University in 1992.

    Shanghai Conservatory of Music

    Founded in 1927, Shanghai Conservatory of Music is the first music institution of higher education in China.

    Shanghai Finance University

    Shanghai Finance University (SFU), founded in 1952, is a public institution that emphasizes economics, management and finance but also covers the arts, law, science, and engineering.

    Shanghai International College of Culture

    Shanghai International College of Culture (SICC) is a non-government sponsored college which is located at No 202, south of Shanxi Road. The location is an oasis of serenity amid the chaos in the downtown Shanghai.

    Shanghai International Studies University

    Shanghai International Studies University has two campuses, at Hongkou and Songjiang, with advanced educational facilities, including a world-class simultaneous interpretation system.

    Shanghai Jianqiao University

    Sponsored by Shanghai Jianqiao Group, the university was established in 2000.

    Shanghai Jiao Tong University

    Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), founded in 1896, is one of the most venerable universities in China. It is a national key university under the State Education Ministry and built by the State Education Ministry and Shanghai Municipality.


    Shanghai Maritime University

    This university concentrates on shipping, logistics, economy and management but covers other disciplines as well, including engineering, law, the sciences, and literature.

    Shanghai Normal University

    Founded in 1954, Shanghai Normal University has a range of disciplines in humanities, the social sciences, natural and applied sciences, and engineering. It has two main campuses, at Xuhui and Fengxian.

    Shanghai Ocean University

    Established in 1912 as the Jiangsu Provincial Fisheries School, the university has a century of traditions and over time, it has become a multi-disciplinary school with courses in agriculture, the sciences, engineering, economics, management.

     Shanghai Second Polytechnic University

    Founded in 1960, Shanghai Second Polytechnic University locates at the Pudong New Area, adjacent to many of the world’s Top 500 companies, with certain geographical advantages for both study and enterprise-university cooperation.

    Shanghai University

    Shanghai University is a research-oriented university. It is known for its vigorous international exchanges and cooperation. The school has established academic cooperation with dozens of overseas universities. Currently, over 3,000 international students

    Shanghai Electric Power University

    Shanghai Electric Power University’s major disciplines are energy and power engineering.

    Shanghai University of Engineering Science

    The university specializes in applied technology and engineering science, through a well-coordinated undergraduate, graduate and higher vocational education.

    Shanghai University of Finance and Economics

    Founded in 1917, the university was established as a Chinese leading higher educational institution of business and finance, with a range of disciplines covering science, law, philosophy and humanities.

    Shanghai University of Political Science and Law

    Shanghai’s University of Political Science and Law was established in 1984, with the approval of the Shanghai Municipal Government, it became an independent college.

    Shanghai University of Sport

    Shanghai University of Sport (SUS), the first of its kind in the People’s Republic of China, has long been a leader in providing higher education for students all over the world.

    Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

    ProfileThe university was established in 1956 as an academic college for Traditional Chinese Medicine. It has more than 9,000 students and 600 experts including

    Tongji University

    Founded in 1907, Tongji is one of the State-funded Project 211 universities, and is the largest and most complete engineering university in the Chinese civil engineering field.

    This university has a history of almost 100 years and is engineering-centered but also covers the sciences, management, economy, literature and other disciplines, with around 1,400 faculty members.

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