The Republic of Rwanda Policy on Science, Technology and Innovation


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  • The Vision 2020 for Rwanda highlights the crucial role that Science and Technology will play for Rwanda’s development.

    This Policy document has been written to build on the immense work that has been done since 1994 to develop Rwanda, in order to enhance the Science, Technology and Research capacity, and to reinforce the development pillars of Vision 2020, across All sectors of the Rwandan economy.

    In 1997-98 the Office of the President of the Republic of Rwanda took the initiative to organise discussion sessions on the future of Rwanda. On the basis of the ideas agreed at the discussions the Vision 2020 document was born

    and further developed to become a high level vision of the future of Rwanda. In short this vision for Rwanda’s future looks towards the achievement of “a modern and Prosperous Nation,strong and united,worthy and proud of its fundamental principals” The development of Science and Technology capacity in Rwanda shall support the development of the people of Rwanda within a prosperous knowledge-based, technology-led economy.

    The science and technological knowledge attained shall contribute to the desire for, healthy, educated citizens,

    professionally qualified, who are eager to be informed and constituting real wealth for the country.

    The development of Science and Technology shall be in partnership with the growth of an innovative, modern and

    competitive Private Sector geared towards revival of industry and the service sector. In particular the developed Science and Technology sector shall:

    • Stimulate a steady growth in GDP
    • Advance the quality of life for all the citizens of Rwanda
    • Improve Skills and Knowledge among the population
    • And integrate Technical Education with commerce, industry and the private sector in general.

    This policy document on the development of Science, Technology and Innovation focuses on the many challenges that need to be overcome in order to meet “Vision 2020”. In order to maintain the focus the following diagram illustrates how a strong foundation in Science and Technology can support the vision of the future of Rwanda.

    Rwanda National 1Rural Transformation

    One key consideration is to maintain viability of rural areas to prevent burdens associated with rapid urbanization experienced by many developing countries. In these countries as rural livelihoods declined they were not replaced by employment opportunities in other sectors. The rural population had no choice but to shift to urban areas to seek their livelihood. Rwanda is well positioned to strategically choose to enhance opportunities for growth in its rural areas, and avoid urban slum issues. Rwanda’s advantage of small size makes connectivity viable in terms of ICT, transport, multiple service including hubs. The following diagram illustrates the role of Science and Technology, and the rural school in particular, to address cross-sector needs in rural communities and, rather than shut down rural opportunities turn the rural location of the population into an advantage.

    Rwanda Rural transform_Page_11

    Figure  – Education for Technology Access to Rural Rwanda

    Economic Transformation

    Science, Technology and Innovation is increasingly recognised internationally as important factors in the economic transformation of developing countries.

    There is a very strong awareness within all the sectors of Rwanda’s economy of the interventions that need to be taken to develop the country in line with Vision 2020. This policy document reviews the policy and strategies in place in various sectors and details the science and technology policies and strategies that can enable science and technology to be strengthened to support transformation and growth of all sectors of Rwanda’s economy

    Science and Technology Policy Objectives

    Principal Policy Objective

    “To integrate Science, Technology, Scientific Research and Innovation in a framework that shall include capability building, technical transfer initiatives, and the promotion of innovation, in the context of the issues facing Rwanda.Science, Technology and Scientific Research shall be cata¬lyst to underpin all public and private sector activities to enable Rwanda’s Vision 2020 to be realised.”

    Specific Policy Objectives

    The overriding objectives of this policy are as follows:

    • To support the growth of the economy of Rwanda,specifically to support the Vision 2020 targets of a steady growth in GDP – 8% per year from 2010 to 2020;
    • Advance the quality of life for all the citizens of Rwanda,specifically to support the Vision 2020 target of a GDP per inhabitant of 900$ by 2020;
    • Improve skills and knowledge among the population,specifically to create a “knowledge-based” economy;

    Objectives

    Cultivate Interest in Science and Technology

    Pre-Primary & Primary Schools

    • Maintain viability and strategically choose to enhance opportunities for growth in rural areas;
    • And integrate Technical Education with commerce, industry and the private sector in general.

    Capability building in Science and technology is founded on the following specific objectives:

    • Knowledge Acquisition;
    • Knowledge Creation;
    • Knowledge Transfer;
    • Innovation Culture.

    Objectives

    National Integrated Innovation Framework

    Innovation is the successful exploitation of new ideas. In-corporating new technologies, design and best practice is the key business process that enables businesses to compete effectively in the global environment.

    Innovation Framework

     

     

     

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