By: Joseph Roberts
‘Come and be part of a unique Mombasa experience you’ll live to remember’
Located on the east coast of Kenya, Mombasa City has a tropical wet and dry climate and is the country’s oldest and second-largest , after the capital Nairobi, it is located on Mombasa Island and sprawls to the encircling mainlands. The island is separated from the mainland by two creeks: Tudor Creek and Kilindini Harbour. It is connected to the mainland to the north by the Nyali Bridge, to the south by the Likoni Ferry, and to the west via the Makupa Causeway.
With an estimated population of approximately 1.4 million people in 2016, Mombasa City is the second largest in Kenya. Administratively, Mombasa is County 001 and it is the smallest in Kenya, covering an area of 229.7 km2 excluding 65 km2 of water mass. The county is situated within the south eastern a part of the former Coast Province. It borders Kilifi County to the north, Kwale County to the south west and the Indian Ocean to the east. The county is divided into seven sub-counties, eighteen locations and thirty wards.
Mombasa is a regional cultural and economic hub, it has extra-large port, an international airport, and is an essential regional tourism centre. It is the home of one of the State House (Mombasa State house-Kenya), Mombasa’s situation on the Indian Ocean has made it a historic trading centre, and its port serves Kenya as well as linking neighbouring landlocked nations to the ocean.
Mombasa is cosmopolitan city with people from all walk over the world, but predominant population is the Swahili people and Mijikenda.
Mombasa is cultural hub in Kenya and the African remarkable ocean, Mombasa’s proximity to Zanzibar, Nairobi and the Indian subcontinent, in addition to its huge transport and maritime industries offers it a various mosaic of cultures. Music is a main feature of Mombasa’s culture.
The majority of Mombasa’s population is Muslim; the Catholics are pastorally served through the Metropolitan Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mombasa.
Driving in Mombasa is fun as main roads are tarmacked which include Jomo Kenyatta road, Digo avenue, Nyerere street, Nkurumah road, Moi avenue, Mama Ngina drive, Barack Obama road, Nairobi dual carriageway and Nyali avenue.
Highways connect Mombasa to Nairobi, Dar es Salaam while Northward Street link to Malindi and Lamu, which additionally extends closer to the border with Somalia.
Within Mombasa, Most local people use matatus (mini-buses) that are extremely common in Kenya, to move across the town and its suburbs. The tuk-tuk—a motor automobile with three wheels—is widely used as transport across the city and its suburbs. No extra than three passengers can be carried.
Mombasa has a modern-day railway station that replaced the century old station built by the British. Completed in 2017 and located at Miritini, the station links Mombasa to the rest of the Kenya. Kenya Railways transports passengers and cargo through the standard Gauge Railway between Nairobi to Mombasa. The journey takes approximately 5 hours between the Country’s capitals to Mombasa via train.
Moi International Airport serves the town of Mombasa. It is located in Port Reitz area, locally known as Chaani area on the mainland metropolitan area. Flights to Nairobi and different Kenyan, European and Middle Eastern destinations depart from the airport. Mombasa and Nairobi are linked by chartered flights operated via Wilson airport. This takes about forty five minutes.
People are served by ferries operated by the Kenya Ferry service from Kilindini and Mtongwe to Likoni in the south coast of Mombasa. Some people opts to fly directly into the South Coast airstrip by use of the domestic airline.
The currently inaugurated Dongo Kundu bypass is relief to Mombasa resident. With a total of three bridges, it connects the mainland to the south coast easing the burden at the ferry services and it is anticipated to boast the area’s economy.
Mombasa is a centre of coastal tourism in Kenya. Mombasa Island itself isn’t a main attraction, even though many people visit the old town and fort Jesus. The Nyali, Bamburi, and Shanzu beaches are located north of the city. The Shelly, Tiwi, and Diani beaches are positioned south of Mombasa. Numerous luxurious hotels exist on those beaches, while the less costly hotels are positioned further away.
Mombasa’s northern coastline is famed for its colourful 24-hour amusement offers, such as family entertainment (water parks, cinemas, bowling, etc.), sports (water sports, mountain cycling and gokarting), culinary offers (restaurants presenting a wide variety of specialties from Kenya, China, Japan, India, Italy, Germany and different international locations and nightlife (bars, pubs, golf equipment, discothèques, and many others).
Tourist Attraction and Point of Interest in Mombasa
Located at the end of Nkrumah Road in Mombasa CBD, Fort Jesus is a famous tourists attraction site in Mombasa and is likewise a UNESCO World Heritage site. The eye-catching structure at once ushers you into history as you begin to discover the massive fort that was constructed by the Portuguese in 1593-1596; it was designed by famous Milanese architect Giovanni Battista Cairati, a well respected architect by the Portuguese
Mombasa Marine Park
Located in the North Coast on Bamburi beach is Mombasa Marine Park. It will give you an opportunity of watching the ocean below and seeing the various and exquisite marine lifestyles as it is one of the vacationer attractions in distinctive Mombasa
Diving and snorkeling are a number of the exciting activities you can have interaction in as well as get a chance to see a wide variety of marine creatures that are found in the park.
You can never say you were in Mombasa without traveling around the Old Town. Strategically located within the City centre, old town is a blend of Arab, Portuguese and British influence. The traditional architecture, narrow streets, friendly people and a reassuring cool breeze are some of the main characteristics of Mombasa old town.
As one of the main Mombasa visitor attractions, numerous guests flock here to familiarize themselves with the surrounding’s as well as explore shops that sell souvenirs. A rich history and culture displays what Mombasa seemed like in the previous days? Old town is expansive; if possible, be accompanied by a guide who is familiar with the place to make the best of the trip.
Mamba Village Centre
Located in Links road – Nyali Mombasa is the East Africa’s biggest crocodile farm- Mamba village Centre. Visitors can learn about the life cycle and behavior of these charming amphibians at the center additionally the centre offers horseback riding and a botanical garden with an aquarium. The garden display carnivorous species but Orchids and aquatic plants are the specialty. A highlight for many visitors is watching the crocodiles combat for tasty morsels at feeding time. You will have a chance to enjoy game meat such as crocodile, zebra and ostrich at the restaurants.
The beaches in Mombasa rank amongst top Mombasa tourist attractions. All people who come to Mombasa are keen on one thing; to enjoy a first-hand experience of seeing the beautiful waters of the Indian Ocean, relaxing on the white sandy beaches and participating in a host of beaches activities.
North Coast beaches are accessed using Nyali Bridge, they are a bit livelier than the south coast, and the resorts are closer to the airport and Mombasa city. Palm-covered seashores, crystal clear waters, coral reefs, and a great quantity of water sport, entertainment venues and resorts provide plenty of tourist attraction. Mombasa Marine National Park fringes the coast right here, with multi-hued coral gardens, drop offs, and Kenya’s fine spoil diving at the MV Diani. Traveling north from Mombasa, Nyali beach is the first stop. Shops and lodges line the seashore right here. Further north, Bamburi and Shanzu beaches are also visitor hubs with a wide range of lodging, from beach bungalow to luxurious resorts. While the South Coast is accessed through Likoni ferry and recently inaugurated Dongo Kundu bypass. South of Mombasa is a world of natural splendor. Turquoise seas lap the sun-bleached beaches, in which vacationers sprawl under rustling palms. Rainforests with plentiful flora and fauna and birds skirt this idyllic stretch of coast, and coral reefs defend the swimming areas from offshore swells. Shelly beach, just south of the Likoni Ferry, is the nearest beach to Mombasa along the south coast. Tiwi beach, 17 kilometers south of the Likoni Ferry, is a popular spot for sunbathers and snorkelers. Diani beach is the most evolved area alongside this stretch, but nevertheless gives lovely beachscapes. European travelers flock here to experience the busy lineup of water sports activities – from windsurfing, sailing, snorkeling, and diving to water-skiing and parasailing.
In case you’re an animal and nature lover; you shouldn’t depart Mombasa without visiting the Haller Park. The park is positioned about 10km from the CBD on the road to Mtwapa and was formerly known as Bamburi Nature Trail. This thrilling park is highly rated as one of the best tourist attraction site in Mombasa. The park was initially a limestone quarry but thanks to the efforts of Dr. René Haller, the abandoned limestone quarry become converted right into a nature haven with exceptional tree species, a wildlife park, masses of bird species as walking and cycling park.
Haller Park is famous for picnics and many of Mombasa residents visit the site on weekends to spend some time with nature. A lot of tourists both foreign and domestic flock to this family friendly park. Wildlife here consists of zebras, giraffes, waterbucks, hippos and Cape buffalo. Giraffe feeding is a popular attraction for visitors coming here additionally there is a butterfly pavilion you can’t afford to miss while there.
Bombolulu workshops and Cultural centre
Located at the workshop road in Mombasa is the Bombolulu Workshops which is a project of the Association for the physically Disabled in Kenya with four sheltered workshops, a cultural center, and restaurant. At the cultural center, visitors can enjoy ethnic dance performances and discover traditional homesteads located throughout Kenya. Guests also can go to the workshops and buy the handcrafted souvenirs, which include; rings, textiles, timber carving, and leather crafts. Proceeds help maintain the center’s work. After visiting the grounds, guests can stop by the restaurant to sample Kenyan-inspired delicacies.
Located at the Moi Avenue Mombasa are the famous tusks which will greet you once you visit this coastal City. They are well-known landmark, the Mombasa Tusks were built to commemorate Queen Elizabeth’s visit to Mombasa in 1952. Built of aluminum, the tusks mark the entrance to the heart of town wherein site visitors will locate most of the banks, shops, and markets. The intersecting tusks also shape the letter “M” for Mombasa.